Germany - Holiday facts and Information

Holiday facts and information about Germany

General facts

Trip Preparation

Trip Preparation

Trip Preparation

Area 357,022 km ² Population 82,329,758 Official name Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) Capital Berlin Modern Germany was founded October 3, 1990, it was created by the reunification of the GDR and the Federal Republic. The country has the largest population in the countries of the EU and is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe, with more than 230 inhabitants per km2.

General information

Airports/ Car rental Germany can be reached easily; it is connected with all other major European capitals. For those who travel by car, it is also easily accessible. It is also free to use the roads unlike in Austria and Switzerland where you must buy a sticker to travel on the roads. You just require a driving license to rent a car and you can do this from all airports and most major train stations.

Language

German – but in the far north and south strong dialects exist, e.g. Bavarian.) German is the 7th most spoken language in the world and is spoken by approximately 120 million people.

Currency

Euro

Electricity

A European 3 pin power plug is used.

Best travel time

Germany’s climate varies from the North to the South. In the north there is a strong Maritime climate to a more mountainous climate in the south. North and Central Germany have mild summers and cool wet winters. In the south the summers are warmer, but winters are colder and there's lots of snow.

Country and People

Country and People

Traditions and Culture

In the past, Germany was the land of the philosophers, writers and poets. Goethe, Hesse, Nietzsche, Tucholsky and many others were German. The capital Berlin is the center of culture in Germany. Including: Theaters, concerts, operas, theater, visual arts, the International Film Festival, and Jazz. The city is also a well-known center for techno music. Germans are well-known for being on time. If you have an appointment, then they will be there at the time stated. They are usually very well mannered. In East Germany, communism is still noticeable. The architecture is quite boring, and is still very similar to communism. The population from the former East Germany suffers from the influence. In the '60s and '70s, many immigrants came to Germany as guest workers, followed by their families. This is also reflected in the culture of the country.The foreigners are often poorly integrated into society. The Kreuzberg district of Berlin, the largest Turkish population outside Turkey.

Religion

63% Christians Muslims 3.7%

Getting around

Getting around

By bus

Germany has an excellent public transport network, covering 38,000km throughout the country. Since December 2002, there is the new high-speed link between Frankfurt and Cologne, which allows you to reach the two cities in just 70 minutes. For more information, visit the website of the German Railways. In the big cities you can travel easily by bus, subway and bicycle. A bicycle is a great way to get around in smaller towns and villages.

By taxi

In big cities there are taxis outside airports, train stations and around the city.

Discover and Enjoy

Discover and Enjoy

Discover and enjoy

  Germany has a calendar full of events throughout the year. Here are some of the most important February – The Berlin Film Festival February - Carnival at Cologne, Düsseldorf, Mayence and many other cities in western Germany March –The Hamburg Cathedral August - November - Wine festivals in the wine regions August - Rhine in Flames at Coblence September – Oktoberfest in Munich December – Christmas markets

Food

Germany is not normally known for its fine cuisine. Food is mainly base on basics like meat, potatoes and cabbage. Popular German dishes include sausage, potato salad, and sauerkraut. In recent years German cuisine has experienced a change, influenced by immigration you will find lots of Turkish and Asian influences. Furthermore, Germany is world renowned for its beer tradition. This tradition began with the ancient Germanic tribes, and was continued by the monks. Around 70 percent of all German wineis produced in Rhineland-Palatinate, where is also the only German "Great Wine Capital", Mainz.  Attractions Berlin has a rich cultural heritage. The whole country has a total of 20 UNESCO world heritage sites, including the medieval town of Lübeck, castles on the banks of the Rhine, cathedrals (Cologne, Speyer) and magnificent monasteries (Lorsch , Isle of Reichenau). Germany is also the ideal place for those who enjoy the outdoors and sporting activities. Many new hiking-trails have been created, following the quality standards stipulated by the German Hikers Association in order to provide charming, top-quality hiking routes. The long-distance hiking-trail Rheinsteig for example runs along the right bank of the Rhine from Wiesbaden to Bonn, along narrow paths and challenging inclines, leading to forests, vineyards, castles and spectacular views. For more information on events, cities, museums, monuments, etc. check the website of the German Tourism Board.