London - Holiday facts and Information

Holiday facts and information about London

General facts

Trip Preparation

Trip Preparation

Trip Preparation

London is one of the most famous cities in the world. It is a business hub with a permanent population of around eight million people, and is the capital city of both England and the United Kingdom. It is the world's most visited city based on the amount of international arrivals at its airports and railway stations each year.

General information

Subregions Visitors can use London as a base from which to explore the wider charms of England's green landscape. Much of the south of England is within easy reach by both public transport and car. There are also excellent transport links to the other major cities of the UK. Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield, Leeds and Glasgow are all located on main train routes out of London.

Language

While English is obviously the main language in London, it is also a very diverse city in terms of culture and language. Whichever country a visitor originates from, is is likely that there are fellow countrymen in London. There are about 300 languages other than English spoken here, and over 50 communities classified as non-indigenous to the United Kingdom.

Country and People

Country and People

History

After about two thousand years of continuous occupation, there is a significant historical heritage to be explored in this city. While the buildings associated with the Royal Family and the Westminster government are of interest to many, others might wish to delve deeper into London's past as a cultural melting pot. Established during the time of the Roman invasion of Britain, London has played a significant part in many of the great events of the history of England and the UK. The Roman invasion itself initiated several changes in agriculture, urbanization, architecture and industry.

Traditions and Culture

There are a numerous ceremonies and events associated with the Royal Family which take place at Buckingham Palace and other London venues throughout the year. The Notting Hill Carnival is a less formal way of enjoying London's recreational offers. It takes place at the end of August on Bank Holiday weekend and is a famous celebration of West Indian music and culture in Britain.

Getting around

Getting around

Arriving

Many visitors from abroad arrive at Heathrow Airport, which is the busiest air transport hub in the world. Other visitors, especially those arriving from European destinations, may arrive in London at St. Pancras railway station. St. Pancras offers frequent connections to the rest of the UK, for example cities such as Sheffield and Manchester.

Transportation

There is an excellent public transport network in London, with buses, overland rail and the underground railway, known as the Tube. They connect all areas of the city, so they are within accessible reach for locals and tourists alike. Various day tickets incorporating all means of transport are available. Beware of congestion charges in the city center if you choose to travel by car

Discover and Enjoy

Discover and Enjoy

Sights

There is an endless supply of things to do in London. Here is just a short list of things worth seeing: • The Tower of London and London Dungeons • The London Eye • Camden Market • Covent Garden street performers • Shopping on the Kings road • House of Parliament • Westminster • Tower Bridge • The London Aquarium • The Royal Victoria and Albert Museum London is home to four UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These are the Tower of London, Kew Gardens, the site comprising the Palace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey; and Greenwich, where the Royal Observatory marks the Prime Meridian. There is a host of other famous heritage sites in the city, too, such as Buckingham Palace, St. Paul's Cathedral and Trafalgar Square. For tourists fascinated by the British monarchy, Buckingham Palace is an important point of interest. It is the administrative headquarters of the current monarch and has served as residence for British sovereignty since 1837. The iconic clock tower and its famous bell, Big Ben, are also part of the House of Parliament. Many tourists are not aware that the bell is called Big Ben and not the tower that characterizes the city’s skyline.

Events

There is always something going on in London, festivals, markets and theatrical events happen throughout the year. One of the quintessentially British events that happens in London is the Wimbledon Tennis Championships. Wimbledon takes place in the last two weeks of June.

Nightlife

London offers one of the the biggest nightlife scenes in Europe, and is particularly well-known for its music venues. From giant venues like the Royal Opera House and Wembley Stadium to independent places, like The Garage in Highbury or the Roundhouse in Camden, visitors can find live music of almost any kind. The West End has a host of musical theatres, bars and restaurants, too

Food

The mix of many different cultures mean that London offers any type of food imaginable, from Sushi, Indian food, Mexican food to traditional British pubs. Farmers markets are great places to buy and try food like a traditional Cornish pasty as well as other treats from around the world. To avoid high price in restaurant avoid the tourist areas and look for restaurants in the residential areas of London where the locals eat.

Other cities in London (Region)